During summer, many Americans spend time on the shore of Great Lakes fishing trout.
If you would like to try this experience, you need the right tips to catch trout successfully.
This fish has different habitats throughout the US. You can catch trout using different methods.
Use the following techniques to boost your angling skills.
Understand The Different Species Of Trout
Some of the trout species include rainbow trout, brook trout, brown trout, and lake trout. You can differentiate these species in their color. For instance, a rainbow trout contains pink, and silver shines on its surface. It also has unique hues that make it colorful and attractive.
A brook trout has dark spots on the skin and brownish-yellow parts. One of the largest trout species is the lake trout which is also dark-colored. Knowing how each species differ in appearance can help you identify one with ease and boost your chances of capturing fish.
Use Midget Lures And Target Above 10000 Feet
I have done fishing since I was a little kid and always enjoyed the most parts of it.
However, I must mention that fishing for golden trout is on another level. You need to make sure you bring your A game with them, as they’re not so easy to catch. They stay above 10000 feet and the best lure for them are midges (in my own opinion).
Focus On The Habitat
You can find a trout from a small flowing water body.
If you want to practice trout fishing, a secluded stream in a mountain setting would be ideal. Since trout like streams, you can look for depth and cover for you to trap them. Try to avoid shallow riffles or fast rapids during fishing.
Fishing Eddys can help you capture a trout with ease. Once you throw your fly in an eddy, you can easily catch a trout. If you are in search of a lake trout, you can get one from a larger body.
Pay Close Attention To The Thermocline
The water column can be categorized into three parts. There is the upper layer which gets the most heat during summer months.
The top layer of the water column is the warmest and has the least oxygen amount.
There is also the bottom layer, which is the coldest since it is not exposed to the sun. The bottom layer has a high oxygen content.
The last layer is the middle part known as the thermocline. This is considered the sweet spot, which is suitable for aquatic life.
You can easily capture trout by paying close attention to this layer.
Try Fishing At The Outlets And Inlets
These specific areas have moving water, which is beneficial when trying to fish trout. There is abundant food supply at water outlets and inlets. These are the regions that contain plankton, grubs, bugs and other small fish that trout live.
Trout flourish best at temperatures ranging from 55-60 degrees. Since the metabolism of this fish is prime, they spend a lot of time moving across waters.
This leads to an increased appetite. The inlets offer the right temperature for trout. The oxygen content in this region is also favorable for trout.
When new water finds its way
into a lake, it brings fresh oxygen supply conducive for fish to thrive.
Be Keen On The Depth
Some of the trout species love deep areas. Since a dam is one of the deepest areas of a lake, it can help you capture trout with ease. The depth of a dam creates cool waters for a trout.
Dams are also in line with large boulders since they can prevent erosion. Due to the large rocks at this location, a habitat for shiners and crawdads is formed.
Since trout love feeding on such small creatures, you will not struggle to locate and catch fish here. At three years, a trout starts laying its eggs. They find dams a secure place to hold the eggs.
Take Advantage Of Fish Points
Since you don’t want to spend the whole day trying to fish trout, you should identify the best spots for this activity.
One of them is a fish point. This refers to the finger of shoreline that protrudes from a water body. Fish points form a natural habitat for crawdads and fry which are food for the trout.
The sides of a fish point tend to hold deep water, thus forming the thermocline with ease. We mentioned that trout love the middle layer of a water column. You, therefore, get a better chance of catching fish from this spot.
Timing Is Everything
If you are a beginner in trout fishing, you probably don’t know the right timing to enjoy your new hobby.
Trout like feeding at dusk and dawn. During dusk and dawn, most insects such as ants and mosquitoes become more active. Trout go hunting for food during these periods making it easy to catch them.
If there is a cloud cover during the summer, it increases the chances of catching trout since they don’t enjoy intense heat from the sun.
You can also catch trout when the night is bright. During this period, they tend to feed throughout the night then sleep at day time.
Use The Right Lures
Finding the thermocline as you fish from the shore is sometimes not easy. You may have to experiment more with a fishing lure to catch fish.
This is an artificial bait which can attract the attention of a trout. The flashy colors of the lure and its movement in water should be able to lure fish.
Make use of the countdown method to increase the chances of success. You can use a ½ ounce lure to try and find depth and attract trout.
This should sink 1 foot per second. This lure can help you distinguish between the different layers of the water column so that you identify the thermocline with ease.
Attract Trout Through A Live Bait
You should know the different kinds of foods that trout species eat. Trout love larvae and small insects and using such as bait can make fishing easier.
The size of trout determines the bait preference. For instance. Smaller trout such as brook trout and rainbow species like small insects while large species feed on minnows and worms.
You can tip trout with tubes full of tiny worms or larvae. Look for red salmon eggs to capture the attention of this fish.
Some anglers also make use of pellets which can mimic hatchery food.
Trout hit on anything that appears like a beetle or grasshopper.
Consider Fly Fishing For Trout
Sometimes, spin casting gear may not be successful. In this case, you should try fly-fishing.
This method involves using a large fishing rod as well as a fly line so that you can float flies on the water. The flies should look like the larvae that trout love.
Different anglers make use of various flies to attract trout.
For instance, you can get dry flies which are quite small. These can float on the surface of the water and look like little insects.
Nymphs are also used to attract trout. These flies sink below the water’s surface and look like aquatic insects in their developmental stages.
Fish Trout In Cooler Temperatures
Summer is a great time to fly fish with terrestrial patterns for trout; grasshoppers, ants, beetles, and even mice patterns. But as the temps heat up, so does the risk to the fish.
The general rule of thumb is that if you’re practicing catch and release fishing, don’t fish in water temps over 68 degrees Fahrenheit.
The high temps risk stressing the fish too much. If the water is so hot it’s best to let them rest.
Approach Trout From Downriver
Trout are incredibly skittish and will be spooked easily. You need to use stealth to your advantage.
Try to approach them from downriver since they always face upriver. Also, try to stay in the cover and keep your shadow off the water.
Perhaps most important of all, wear some highly polarized sunglasses which allow you to see much further into the water column and spot the trout on the bottom as they dash around.
Learn To Effectively Cast A Fly Rod
Learning to effectively cast a fly rod will serve as another arrow in your quiver.
When trout are rising on the surface, the right dry fly will far out-perform spinning lures.
But it is important to keep in mind that trout feed sub-surface the vast majority of their lives, so more often than not, fishing subsurface will provide a lot more action whether you fish with flies or lures.
Use A Lighter Line
One of the most common mistakes among trout anglers that I see is line selection.
Having the right line for the technique, species and size of fish that you plan on catching is critical if you want to have success while fishing for trout.
I would recommend using as light of line as possible. Lighter line will always outperform heavier line especially in clear water situations.
Location Location Location
Favourite fly-fishing technique for trout in still water is 2-3 flies on the cast with a muddler on the top dropper.
A fast retrieve (fast enough that the muddler creates a small surface wave) is irresistible. It’ll sometimes act as an attractor, with the trout following it but then taking one of the other flies.
And other times they will hit it HARD!
It makes for very exciting strikes!
With fishing in general and especially with trout fishing, location is the key. You need to make sure that you pick a position with a steady water level and clear.
I also make sure to use spinners and just because of that it makes my absolute favorite types of fishing.
Alway Check The Rules Of The River/Lake
Before doing any trout fishing make sure you check with the rules of the river/lake first.
At some places catch and release is must while at some it is not.
You should know that when releasing the fish barbless hooks and release the fish immediately before it gets tired.
Use Ultralight Tackle When Going After Rainbow Trout
First, I always make sure to wear an ultralight tackle as rainbow trout grow more than 12 inches.
Other than that you should keep in mind that Powerbait will only work on stocked trout.
The best lures I had success when trout fishing were critters and tubes since I figured out that cut flies and insects are out of their diet.
Wear Realistic Colors And Use Worms
Foremost, make sure you wear realistic colors such as whites, blacks and golds.
Because the deeper you fish the more you need to stick to the aforementioned colors.
When trout fishing, you should know that vibration matters, that’s why I stick to worms and tubes mostly.
You want the trouts to notice a change at their ambient. If this doesn’t help, I also like to sweeten the lures with attractants.
More Trout Fishing Tips On How To Catch Trout
Trout can be an exciting and prestigious fish for any angler to catch. Although often times even in water where trout can be abundant, it can be difficult to locate and continuously catch these beautiful fish.
These 5 tips from our in house fishing experts will help you on your next trout fishing adventure.
1. Match The Hatch
“Match the hatch” describes a techniques used by anglers in which the fisherman will attempt to imitate natural insects found within the same body of water and the environment as the fish they are targeting.
This techniques works particularly well in the spring when many flying insects such are hatching in large numbers.
Often a fishermen will hold a small insect net in the stream. As the water flows through the net, insects will become trapped on the mesh and can be identified. Then, by choosing a fly that resembles the insect in size and color, the angler matches his or her fly to those found in the water, and greatly increases their chances when trout fishing.
This method is not limited to fly-fisherman, since it can be beneficial to look at terrestrial insects such as grubs, and larva also. Some anglers find it helpful to keep a journal to record the insects found on a particular day.
2. Try Different Techniques
When it comes to techniques, there are many ways that anglers choose to catch trout. Some of these include:
- Suspending bait with bobber : This can be done using worms, Power Bait, or even minnow. Try to keep the bait just off the bottom in an effort to allow it to move freely with the current and the movement of the bobber.
- Bottom fishing : This can be especially effective when fishing for trout in larger lakes. Get the sinker on bottom and use a lead to keep the bait suspending just off the bottom.
- Fly-Fishing : Always be on the lookout for current breaks, and pools. Leave enough room to cast your bait cross stream.
- Casting and retrieving a lure or spinner : Make sure to cast past the location your trying to target and let the lure sink down to the desired depth. This will get the lure in the presentation zone as it passes the fish.
3. Don’t Overlook Spoons
Generally used in deeper water, spoons are still a favorite of lake trout, and rainbow trout anglers. In today’s lure market spoons sometimes get overlooked for newer flashier baits, however spoons still produce big trout.
Small spoons continue to perform very well during the winter months especially in deeper water. In the winter months on the hard-water, trout can often be caught using a spoon tipped with a live minnow, or piece of minnow.
The combination of flash and real bait, can be enough to drive even stubborn trout into a frenzy.
This setup is a favorite of anglers targeting rainbow trout in the winter.
4. Learn When to Fish
In deeper lakes, such as the Great Lakes, species such as Lake Trout will feed primarily at night. They will rise from the deep water under the protection of darkness to feed.
Besides protection, there are other reasons fish feed at night. Many hatches occur just as the sun is setting and continue into darkness, so this is a prime time to be trout fishing.
Also, the moon provides just enough light for the fish to be able to see the insects.
Try casting dry flies at dusk when you see fish starting to rise. During the day, you will have better luck casting nymphs near the shore or in the weeds.
You will also be much more effective if you can cast from the middle of the lake to the shore rather than casting from the shore.
5. Know The Stream And Current
Understanding how a river or stream is shaped by moving water, is vital to knowing how to find trout and when to fish a stream or river.
Deep pools that are crafted by the current, can hold large trout, but smaller trout can also be found in them. The large trout will most likely be in these pools during dawn and dusk.
Practicing your “approach” is not just about learning the fish, but also learning the water. When fly-fishing, presentation in important for delivering a fly in such a way that looks natural, to entice a trout will take it.
Presentation approaches can vary with different types of fly used. While most of the time you’ll want to use an upstream presentation with a dry-fly, there are times when you want to use more unorthodox approaches.
However in general when fly-fishing for trout, the angler should make the cast from one side of the stream so the fly will float over the fish.
We hope you’ve picked up some pointers with this list. If you have any contributions, please drop us a line in the comment box below.